History of SportsBadminton, Baseball, Basketball, Beach Volleyball, Boxing.
Canoeing & Cycling.
Fencing, Field Hockey.
Gymnastics, Judo, Modern Pent, Mountain Biking.
Rhythmic Gym, Rowing.
Sailing, Shooting, Soccer, Softball, Swimming, Swim.
Table Tennis, Taekwondo, Team Handball, Tennis, Track & Field, Trampoline, Triathlon.
Water Polo, Weightlifting, and Wrestling.
Sports have been the most popular form of recreation for people since time immemorial. To jot down the conclusive history of sports in a short summary is an impractical proposition. For gaining true insight, one needs to dig historically to reach every nook, corner and township in different parts of the globe. The scope and vastness of sports and its history make it impossible to point to a date that marks D-day in the world of sports.
The true spirit and recognition of sports at the international level took place with the introduction of Olympic games in Greece. Ancient Olympics refer to a legend called Hercules, son of Zeus, as being the founder of Olympic games. Written records point to first Olympic games being held in 776 BC. Historians believe that games were held much earlier than the recorded times. We have all heard about Coroebus who won the only sprint event held at the Olympics by running a distance of 192 meters.
Ancient Olympics had two major events—the Equestrian and the Pentathlon events and it later added events like jumping, running, wresting, javelin and discus (disc throwing). The Equestrian events introduced chariot racing and riding.
Olympic games were held every four years for around 1200 years. The Roman Emperor Theodosius banned Olympic events in 393 CE owing to the game’s pagan origin. Then during World War I and II, Olympic games suffered its worst. Some 1500 years later, the Olympic games found revival with serious efforts by a Frenchman called Pierre de Coubertin. His efforts to rouse sports enthusiasm in France were initially met with scepticism and controversy. However, Coubertin was not to give up his attempts so easily.
It was in 1890 that he established an organization called USFSA (Union des Sociétés Francaises de Sports Athlétiques). In a meeting of the USFSA in Paris on November 25, 1892, Coubertin voiced his desire to revive Olympic games with a popular speech. The speech did not invoke any serious interest. Two years later, in a meeting attended by 79 delegates from nine countries, he again proposed the idea and it arose interest this time. The delegates at the conference unanimously voted for hosting Olympic games and Athens was chosen as the venue to restart the events.
Modern day Olympic games include sport events like,
The International Federations are non-government organizations acclaimed by International Olympic Committee for managing sports at the international level. These Federations are responsible for applying rules and ensuring the integrity of Olympic sport.
A glance at major Olympic events since 1896,
1904 St. Louis
1906 Athens (unofficial)
1916 Not held
1932 Los Angeles
1940 Not held
1944 Not held
1968 Mexico City
1984 Los Angeles
History Of Baseball
The popular game that gained fame as being 'America's favorite pastime' is none other than the brisk game of baseball. There are many controversies and debate that go with the origin of baseball. Cricket, Baseball, softball running games and rounders are believed to have taken shape from primitive type of community games. Even though the name has no clear relation many games were popularly played that somewhat resemble modern day baseball. There were different ball games that were known by amusing names like stool ball, goal ball and even poison ball.
A few historical sources point that in the year 1700, Thomas Wilson who was considered an conformist leader in England condemned the game of baseball and a few other sports that took place every Sunday. There are interesting facts related to baseball. One of such reports come from David block who says that stoolball was the primitive version of baseball and dates it even back to 1672.
It leads our curiosity to the game of stoolball. It is said that in the game, a batting player was made to stand in front of a target, a stool, while another player pitched a ball. If the batting player hit the ball and was caught in field by a player, he was considered to be out of the game. Also, somewhat similar to cricket, if the ball hit the stool where the batting player stood, he was again supposed to be out. Young men and women were known to indulge into the sport.
Interestingly, the first recorded evidence of baseball occur when players from the Boston and Philadelphia clubs were on tour to England exhibiting the game to people at large. Based upon the basic rules of a game called ‘Rounders’ which was popularly played in England, the developed game of baseball slowly gained fame in early 19th century in the US. It was also known popularly as base and townball game.
In 1888, the Chicago Baseball club introduced the game to Australia, New Zealand, Hawaii, North Africa and Egypt by playing the game for a large audience. Legendary, though not generally believed, date of the codification of the first rules of baseball by Abner (1839)
A popular myth believes that Abner Doubleday set up the basic rules of baseball way back in 1839. Alexander Cartwright is said to codify baseball rules with his New York Knickerbockers. A book called Baseball by Alexander and a documentary based upon it by filmmaker Ken Burns suggests that it was Alexander who first codified the game rules.
Recorded in the world of baseball as significant events date back to 1869 that saw these major serious debuts
The Cincinnati Red Stockings first appearance as the all-professional team. It defeated the Great Westerns in a game of 45-9
The Red Stockings had a fabulous indomitable season with their 60th victory. They defeated the visiting Mutual Green Stockings of New York 17-8 before an audience of 7,000 spectators
However, the first recorded baseball game in 1846 is credited to Alexander Cartwright's Knickerbockers. Knickerbockers lost to the New York Baseball Club at the Elysian Fields in New Jersey. With the establishment of National Association of Base Ball Players in 1858, the world witnessed the first systematic baseball league.
The budding period of baseball (1869: 1876)
1845: The beginning of systematic game with Alexander Cartwright's published book on set of baseball rules for the Knickerbocker Club of New York. It is claimed that his baseball rules were widely accepted in the US.
1869: First professional team, the Cincinnati Red Stockings were explicitly remunerated for the first time
1871: The National Association of Professional Base Ball Players was established as the first professional baseball league
1876: Over 3000 enthusiasts watched the hometown Philadelphia Athletics lose to Boston Red in the first National League game ever played
1878: The Captain of Harvard University Baseball Club Frederick Thayer received a patent for baseball catcher mask
Many professional and amateur players contribute to the vast baseball history. Every chapter in baseball history leads to interesting event that helped with development of modern-day systematic baseball. By any name, baseball has been a game that sets stars in the eyes of sport lovers since decades.
History of American Football
American football is a very popular game in the US, also known as football in Canada. Football has some definite origins linked to Rugby football that was played during the 18th century in England. Football has a cousin in the name of soccer which also draws its origins from the game of rugby. However, soccer is the more stringent form of game, not allowing carrying of ball using hands and some other rules allowed in football like forward pass. Football is different in so much so that it retains the originality of rugby game and is the more sophisticated version of rugby football. Interestingly, the game of football is referred in Japan as "Amefuto".
Historical beginning at college level
The game of football got introduced at the college level in the US after almost 200 years since its introduction. In 1867, the first sets of rules for American football were drawn up at Princeton College. According to the Princeton rules, twenty-five players were allotted to each team. Meanwhile, Rutgers also established its own football rules based upon London Association Football Rules. Princeton and Rutgers played the first historical match of football on November 6, 1869 at New Brunswick. The game then had almost the same rules as soccer except that the handling of ball was allowed when a player was stationary. However, running with the ball and throwing it was also not allowed. The winner was decided based upon the team who scored six goals first. Rutgers won the match.
The team met again in a match two weeks later. This time Princeton rules were applied which allowed a free kick when a clean catch was made and the winning team had to score 8 goals. Princeton won by 8-0. The game became popular in other colleges, especially Columbia, Harvard and Yale
Chauncey Camp of YALE: New face to the game
It was the year 1880 that Walter Chauncey Camp of Yale’s University set new rules for the game. In a significant turn, the number of players was reduced from fifteen to eleven. The standard team line-up was put in place, seven linemen, a quarterback, 2 halfbacks and one fullback. Again, two years later, the Camp came up with downs and yardage rules.
In the original game, it was 5 yards in three downs. With intent to know how far a player had moved up the field, parallel lines were drawn onto the pitch at an interval of five yard. The year 1883 marked introduction of scoring system of points for touchdowns, field goals, 'points after' touchdowns, and safeties. In 1888, tackling below the waist was allowed.
In 1894, representatives of leading college teams held a meeting of involved groups of players excluding opposing players. The play time was decreased from ninety to seventy minutes.
From 1900 onwards
The alterations and new rules had some effect on the development of football game. However, the game was still very jagged, sometimes dangerous for players. In the year 1905, sixty representatives from different college teams met to discuss different problems and safety issues of the game. The following year saw some significant changes made to the game like reducing the playing time to sixty minutes, allowing forward pass, introduction of neutral zone for gap between the line of scrimmage and increase in number of yards to ten.
One of the major problems of the game interlocked interference was banned in the year 1910. Pushing and pulling of the ball carrier was also forbidden. This led to increased safety of players. In 1912, the number of downs was increased from three to four.
The American Professional Football Association (APFA) was formed at Canton headed by Tom Thorpe. In 1921 it was reorganized after initial poor performance with Joseph Carr of Columbus, Ohio as its president.
The first league season in 1921 had thirteen main teams. The teams were: Akron Pros, Buffalo All-Americans, Canton Bulldogs, Chicago Cardinals, Cincinatti Celts, Cleveland Indians, Columbia Panhandles, Dayton Triangles, Detroit Heralds, Green Bay Packers, and Rock Island Independents.
History of Soccer
Soccer is one of the most popular sports in Europe and the Americas. It has a vivid and interesting history in the world of sports. Early evidence of soccer being played as a sport finds occurrence in China during the 2nd and 3rd centuries BC. In China, it was during the Han dynasty that people dribbled leather balls by kicking it into a small net. Recorded facts also support the fact that Romans and Greeks used to play ball for fun and frolic. Some facts point to Kyoto in Japan where kicking of ball was a popular sport.
It is said that early growth of the modern soccer started in England. Some amusing facts even mention that the first ball used was the head of some Danish brigand. It is said that during medieval times, the old form of soccer used to allow many ill practices like kicking, punching, biting and gouging. The main aim was to carry the ball to a target spot. People grew so fond of the game that they would throng the field all day long. Sometimes the competition grew fierce and masses got so wild that there were frequent incidents of violence during the game. It is also said that soldiers admired the game so much that they missed archery practice to watch it.
King Edward III banned soccer in 1365 owing to the growing incidents of violence and military indulgence in the sport. In 1424 King James I of Scotland also proclaimed in the Parliament— "Na man play at the Fute-ball" (No man shall play football).
When and where exactly did soccer start is a question that has no precise answer to it. You can easily say that this popular game has been played for more than three thousand years. The nativity of modern-day soccer must be credited to Britain. It was also known as the association football, with Scotland and England being the co-founders of the systematic game of soccer.
Modern History of Soccer: 18th Century Onward
In 1815, a major development took place that made soccer popular in Universities, Colleges and Schools. The popular English School and Eton College came forth with a set of rules, known as the Cambridge Rules. Football was segregated into two groups; some colleges and schools opted for Rugby rules that allowed tripping, shin kicking and also carrying the ball. These rules were exclusively prohibited as per the Cambridge rules.
King Edward III banned soccer in 1365, owing to the growing incidents of violence and military indulgence in the sport.
The history of modern-day soccer was established in 1863. In October 1863, eleven representatives from London clubs and schools met at the Freemason’s Tavern to set up common fundamental rules to control the matches amongst themselves. The outcome of this meeting was the formation of the Football Association. In December 1863, the Rugby Football and Association football finally split as the supporters of the Rugby School rules walked out.
Firmly establishing the foundation of soccer in 1869, the Football Association strictly banned any kind of handling of the ball. Soccer’s popularity spread rapidly during the 1800s as British sailors, traders and soldiers introduced the sport to different parts of the globe.
TItalians, Austrians and Germans drew to Europe, while Argentina, Uruguay and Brazil adopted the sport in South America. FIFA was established in the year 1904 and by early 1930s, different leagues were operating from various countries. FIFA is credited with organizing the first world cup in Uruguay. The history of soccer is rich with events, development and its growing craze all over the world. You will find yourself amazed as you learn about different times of this wonderful sport that has held our awe and admiration for over 3000 years.
Volleyball- A History Not Too Old
Volleyball is one of the most popular sports in the world that draws attention of sports buffs across the globe. Seeing its not too old history, game's popularity around the globe seems incredible. This sport is barely one hundred and ten year old and has already gone through various stages of evolution.
The history begins with Mr. G. Morgan developing the initial form of the sport in 1895. He termed the game, “Mintonette”. This sport originally aimed at providing entertainment to the businessmen. The birthplace of volleyball was Masachussetts where Morgan used to work, in Holyoke. Though the game was new in itself, Morgan combined various facets of other sports to make it playable. Net was introduced from tennis, although it's height was raised above the height of the normal man. Some other ideas were taken from baseball.
The credit of the present name of the game goes to a spectator. While watching one such game, the spectator commented that game is all about volleying the ball. That was the day when this game was christened again as Volleyball.
It took one year for the first official game to be played in 1896. The venue was Springfield College. Then onwards the sport never looked back. By 1900, a new ball was specifically made to suit the sport. The year also witnessed the sport getting trans national as YMCA took the volleyball to Canada and South America. Within four to five years, Cuba also became a host to the game.
Within twelve years of its birth, volleyball was declared as one of the most popular sport at play America convention. By 1913, the sport registered an entry in Eastern game events. A new thing was introduced in the game at Philippines in 1916. It was the introduction of spike and set pass in the game. The term “Bomba” and “Bomberino” for kill and the hitter was also a contribution of Filipinos. Later, scoring points were also reduced to 15 from 21.
A few years later sixteen thousand volleyballs were distributed to army men by American Expeditionary Forces, resulting in a surge in the popularity of the sport. By 1928, American Volleyball Association was ready to organize tournaments. Men's open was kick started in US. In 1934, the sport witnessed introduction of referees. It took six more years to facilitate way for World Championship in the sport. The sport registered its birth in Olympic in 1964. Growing popularity among women gave way to Women's professional Volleyball Association.
This fascinating journey of Volleyball is on and still moving. Seeing its growing acceptance, it is likely to scale new heights in the history of sports.